Biomedical Ethics

 

 

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Biomedical Ethics

References and Notes

This page is my notes on biomedical ethics and I will be adding to it frequently. Please let me know if any links are broken. For my writings on biomedical ethics see here

General | abortion | cloning | eugenics/transhuman | euthanasia | genes | genes, testing | healthcare | healthcare, providers | health care, publics policies and resources | human | human, dignity | human, personhood | human, sanctitiy of | newborn | organ transplantations | organs trading | reproductive technologies | research | research, chimera | stem cells | sexuality | synthetic biology | World Medical Association |

General

  Biomedical Ethics Reader (for my students)

  Dilemmas in Bio-Medical Ethics: Playing God or Doing Good?  (MIT Open Course-Lecture Notes  Spring 2005)

  Bioethics (MIT OpenCourse Notes Spring 2006)

  American Academy of Pediatrics Policy Statement on Bioethics (2008): Part 1; Part 2 and Part 3

  Peter Singer links

From Birth to Death and Bench to Clinic: The Hastings Center Bioethics Briefing Book for Journalists, Policymakers, and Campaigns contains 36 overviews of issues in bioethics of high public interest, such as abortion, health care reform, human and sports enhancement, organ transplantation, personalized medicine, medical error, and stem cells. The chapters, written by leading ethicists, are nonpartisan, presenting reasonable considerations from various perspectives that are grounded in good scientific and ethical facts. They each include recent news stories, clickable experts to contact, linked resources, and (where available) recent legislation and campaign positions. Greater detail on how to use the book is in the introduction. The three framing essays offer valuable insights into the historical and increasing relevance of bioethics to public policy.

 

Nature, Human Nature, and Biotechnology Gregory E. Kaebnick (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Thinking through Technology by Michael J. Sleasman, PhD (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Pediatric Lead Levels in Toys and the Ethics of Care by Nick Yates, Jr. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

How much do we care when truth replaces fiction? Ethical conduct and human subject research in Africa by Gregory Rutecki, M.D.

(The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Scientists, Ethics, and Public Engagement by C. Ben Mitchell, Ph.D. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Public Language and the Common Good  by C. Ben Mitchell, Ph.D. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Neuroethics: The New Frontier Conference Report by Andrew Fergusson, MB MRCGP (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Celling Out: Bioethics and the Culture of Cool  by Bobby Maddex  (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Bioethics for Believers: The Role of the Church in Matters of Life and Health by Sarah J. Flashing, M.A. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Cost-Benefit Ethics: The Case of Tirhas Habtegiris by Dennis Hollinger, Ph.D. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

HIV and Prostitution: What’s the Answer? by Jeffrey J. Barrows, D.O., FACOOG (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Myth of Secular Neutrality: Unbiased Bioethics? by Sarah J. Flashing, M.A. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Problem with “Pathological” Gambling by Hans Madueme, M.D. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

What Makes an Action Moral?: Linguistics, Intentionality, and Responsibility by Ferdinand D. Yates (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Role of Art in a Genetic Age by Donald P. O'Mathuna (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Indefensible Ethics: Debating Peter Singer by Richard John Neuhaus (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Abortion, Bioethics, and Personhood: A Philosophical Reflection by Francis J. Beckwith (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Ethics of Bioethics by David B. Fletcher (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Bioethics in the New Millennium: Ethical Challenges Ahead by C. Ben Mitchell (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Autonomy and Community in Biblical Perspective by Scott B. Rae (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Importance of Theological Understanding by Nigel M. de S. Cameron. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Thinking Theologically about Bioethics by Hans Madueme (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Bioethics: Why Should I Care? by Matthew Eppinette (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Who Will Be the Joe Coors of Bioethics? by Daniel McConchie (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Introduction to Bioethics: Foundations by John T. Dunlop (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Medicine's Intrinsic Good by Teresa Iglesias (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Ethical Method in Christian Bioethics: Mapping the Terrain by David P. Gushee (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Addressing Issues of Moral Complicity: When?, Where?, Why?, and Other Issues by Robert D. Orr (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Interface Between Science and Ethics: Probing the Deeper Questions by Nancy L. Jones (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Life-Affirming Alternatives: Choosing Well at Bioethical Crossroads by Carrie G. Earll (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Informed Consent in Living Organ Donors by Samuel D. Hensley, M.D. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Brain, Mind, and Person: Why We Need To Affirm Human Nature in Medical Ethics by Derrick L. Hassert, Ph.D. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Losing and Using our Children by Amy Laura Hall (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Whether Flu or Cold or Strep Throat, Have All to the Glory of God by Bryan C. McWhite (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

God’s Gift for Those Facing a Conflict in Conscience by Gregory L. Waybright (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

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Abortion

Our Great Regime Supreme: The Supreme Court and Partial-Birth Abortion by Harold O. J. Brown (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Pre-embryo: The Illusory Category of  Convenience (Pediatrics in Review)

Abortion Bonnie Steinbock (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Guidelines for Prognostication and End-of-Life Decision Making for Newborns with Severe Neurologic Damage by Jay Desai

Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. 2010; 12:864-866.

 

Cloning

Chia, Roland. 'Xeroxing the Soul? Theological and Ethical Responses to Human Cloning.' CS 6.2 (2003): 71-84.

Open Letter from Experts in Science, Medicine, Law and Ethics on the Cloning Provisions of Missouri's Amendment 2

by Do No Harm (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Veritas? Harvard's Stem Cell Initiative by Keith Plummer, M.Div., Ph.D. (cand) (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Real Lesson of the Korean Cloning Scandal by Do No Harm (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Testimony Before the Illinois Legislature on State Funding of Human Cloning by Joe Carter and Sarah J. Flashing (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Trouble with Hwang: The Ethical and Scientific Problems of Therapeutic Cloning by David A. Prentice, Ph.D. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

On the UN's Failure to Pass an Anti-Cloning Treaty by Samuel D. Hensley (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Human Cloning: What's at Stake by John F. Kilner and Robert P. George (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

AMA Approves Creating Life for Destructive Purposes by Samuel D. Hensley (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Cloning Twist Clouds Ethical Complexities Dónal P. O'Mathúna (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Cloning by Nigel M. de S. Cameron (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

To Clone or Not to Clone? Reflections from the Executive Director of the President's Council on Bioethics by Dean Clancy (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Human Cloning by John F. Kilner (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Human Embryo Research After the Genome by William P. Cheshire (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Right to Patent a Human Being: Fact, Fiction, or Future Possibility? by Paige Cunningham (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Why Human Cloning Must Be Banned Now by US Congressman Dave Weldon (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Human Cloning and the Ethics of Inevitability by William P. Cheshire (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Human Cloning-Embryo Style: Deliverance or Captivity? by Nancy L. Jones (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Human Cloning is Here by John F. Kilner (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Unless We Act Now, More Clones Will Die by C. Ben Mitchell (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Therapeutic Cloning: An Oxymoron by Amy Coxon (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Coming Clone Age by C. Ben Mitchell (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Cloning Humans: Leon Kass and Kevin FitzGerald on the "Post-Human Future" by Linda K. Bevington (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

This Little Piggy Goes to the Organ Market?: Cloning, Genetic Engineering, Xenotransplantation and the Drive to Be First by Nancy L. Jones with Linda K. Bevington (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Cloning and Stem Cell Research: Wrong Motives on Both Sides of the Atlantic by Dónal P. O'Mathúna (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Human Cloning: Reproduction or Procreation? by John F. Kilner (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Cloning Christopher Thomas Scott and Irving L. Weissman (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

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Eugenics /Transhuman

The Techno Sapiens are Coming (Christopher Hook, Christianity Today)

War on the Weak: Eugenics has made a lethal comeback (Charles Colson with Anne Morse, Christianity Today)

The Eliminators (Charles Colson, BreakPoint )

Remaking Humans by C. Ben Mitchell and John F. Kilner (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Hurtling Toward Eugenics... Again by C. Ben Mitchell (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Eugenics in the Springtime by C. Ben Mitchell (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Power and Peril of Genetic Technologies: Reflections on Spider-Man David Christensen (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Ends Don't Justify the Genes John F. Kilner (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

You've Got Mail! Musings on the Genetic Message, Its Consequences, and Origins Don W. Buckley (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Is It Ethical to Determine the Sex of a Child? Ray Bohlin (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Reflections from the Director of the National Human Genome Research Institute Francis S. Collins (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Silence is Deadly in Genetic Testing C. Ben Mitchell (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

This Little Piggy Goes to the Organ Market? Cloning, Genetic Engineering, Xenotransplantation and the Drive to Be First Nancy L. Jones (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Genetic Renaissance in a Moral Dark Age C. Ben Mitchell (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Genetic Intervention: The Ethical Challenges Ahead Ray Bohlin (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

For the Patient's Good or for the Company's Profit? C. Ben Mitchell (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Genetically Enhanced Athletes? C. Ben Mitchell (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Ethics and Genetics of Human Behaviour by Calum MacKellar (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

A Review of the novel NEXT by Matthew Eppinette (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Designer Babies: One Step Closer Samuel D. Hensley (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Challenges for the Future of Genetic Medicine by John F. Kilner and C. Ben Mitchell(The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Genetics, Biotechnology and the Future by Nancy L. Jones and John F. Kilner (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Genetics of Mice and Men: Can--and Should--We Intervene? Gregory A. Hawking (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Human Embryo Research After the Genome William P. Cheshire (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Enhancing Humans Mark S. Frankel and Christina J. Kapustij (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Sports Enhancement Thomas H. Murray (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

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Euthanasia

 Euthanasia Confusion (Rob Moll, Christianity Today)

 Death Bed Questions: Discerning the Unspoken ( Leadership Journal, Winter 1986)   

 National Council of Churches Singapore Euthanasia

 Nondisclosure and Emerging Autonomy in a Terminally Ill Teenager Commentary by Sarah Friebert Full Text | PDF
    Virtual Mentor. 2010; 12:522-529.

“Please Let Me Hear My Son Cry Once” Commentary by Wynne Morrison Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. 2010; 12:530-534.

An Overwhelmed Parent Commentary by Robert Macauley Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. 2010; 12:535-539.

Microethical and Relational Insights from Pediatric Palliative Care David M. Browning Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. 2010;12:540-547.

 Creating Training Opportunities in Pediatric Palliative Care Laurie Lyckholm and Kathleen O’Kane Kreutzer Full Text | PDF
    Virtual Mentor. 2010; 12:548-553.

 The AMA Code of Medical Ethics Opinions on Seriously Ill Newborns and Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders Full Text | PDF            Virtual Mentor. 2010; 12:554-557.

Artificial Hydration in Pediatric End-of-Life Care Anne Keeler Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. 2010; 12:558-563.

Legal Restrictions on Decision Making for Children with Life-Threatening Illnesses—CAPTA and the Ashley Treatment Paula Tironi and Monique M. Karaganis Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. 2010; 12:564-568.

Trusting Them With the Truth—Disclosure and the Good Death for Children with Terminal Illness
Hannah L. Kushnick Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. 2010; 12:573-577.

A Good Death by John T. Dunlop, M.D. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

End of Life Legislation (or New York’s Lack Thereof)  by Ferdinand D. (Nick) Yates, Jr., M.D., M.A. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Terri Schiavo – the first anniversary  by Dr. Andrew Fergusson (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

What Would Terri Have Said? by Ferdinand D. Yates, Jr. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Reflecting on the Death and Life of Terri Schiavo by John F. Kilner (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Schiavo Controversy: First Things First by John F. Kilner (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Pitfalls for the Health Care Agent (and the Patient) by Ferdinand D. (Nick) Yates, Jr., M.D., M.A. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Feeding Tube Dilemma: Key Questions by John T. Dunlop, M.D. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Still in the World: A Pro-Life View of Death and Dying by Joe Carter (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

There When You Need It: An Introduction to Hospice Care by Frank Eppinette (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Groningen Protocol: Making Infanticide Legal Does Not Make It Moral by Daniel A. Beals, M.D. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Ethical Concerns in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation by Samuel D. Hensley (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Euthanasia: Who Needs It?by Sharon A. Falkenheimer (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Depression in the Elderly with Emphasis on Terminal Illness by Samuel D. Hensley and Elizabeth Hensley (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Terri Schiavo Debacle: What Have We Learned? by Robert E. Cranston (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Articulating a Distinctly Christian Approach to Suffering by J. Daryl Charles (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Don't Wait to Make Your End-of-Life Wishes Known by John F. Kilner (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Australia's "Dr. Death": Too Controversial for Comfort by Thomas E. Beam (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

On the Conviction of Jack Kevorkian by Nigel Cameron (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Life's Worth: The Case Against Assisted Suicide by Arthur J. Dyck (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Death as Deliverance: Euthanatic Thinking in Germany ca. 1890-1933 by J. Daryl Charles (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

A Grand Illusion: Oregon's Attempt to Control Death Through Physician-Assisted Suicide by Jerome R. Wernow (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Debate Over Total/Terminal/Palliative Sedation by Howard Ducharme and Robert Kingsbury (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Advance Directives and "Do Not Resuscitate" Orders by Robert E. Cranston (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Withholding or Withdrawing Artificial Nutrition and Hydration by Robert E. Cranston (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Legalizing Euthanasia: A Significant Move by Agneta Sutton (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Age-Based Rationing of Health Care by John F. Kilner (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Human Dignity and Advance Directives: A Black American Perspective by Claretta Y. Dupree (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Oregon's Lethal Experiment: An Annual Report by C. Ben Mitchell (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Successful Aging: Living the End of Life to the Glory of God by John T. Dunlop (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Legalization of Euthanasia in the Netherlands by Henk Jochemsen (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

End of Life Care Alan Meisel (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Physician Assisted Death Timothy E. Quill and Jane Greenlaw (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

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Genes

Gene Patents Robert Cook-Deegan (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

 

Gene, testing

Genetic Testing and Screening Nancy Press (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Medical, Ethical, Legal and Social Issues in Genetic Testing and Genetic Screening Programmes (Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore)

Ethical, Legal, Social and Policy Issues in Medical Genetic Testing of Relevance to Singapore: Personal Perspectives (Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore)

Genetic Testing in Oncology (Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore)

Genetic Counselling and Genetic Testing: Hereditary Cancer Syndromes (Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore)

Molecular Diagnosis of Adult Neurodegenerative Diseases and Movement Disorders (Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore)

Prenatal Genetic Screening and Testing (Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore)

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore)

Legal and Ethical Issues Pertaining to Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore)

 

Healthcare

Conscience Clauses, Health Care Providers, and Parents Nancy Berlinger (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Medical Error Nancy Berlinger (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Mental Health in Children and Adolescents Erik Parens and Josephine Johnston (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Personalized Medicine and Genomics Anne-Marie Laberge and Wylie Burke(Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

 

Healthcare, providers

Family Caregiving Carol Levine (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

 

Healthcare, public policies & resources

Disaster Planning and Public Health Bruce Jennings (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

DNA and Law Enforcement Karen J. Maschke (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Environment and Health David B. Resnik and Christopher J. Portier (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Health Care Reform Norman Daniels and Marc Roberts (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Health Care Costs and Medical Technology Daniel Callahan (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Influenza Pandemic Alexandra Minna Stern and Howard Markel (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Intellectual Property and Biomedicine Josephine Johnston (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Public Health Lawrence O. Gostin (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Quality Improvement Methods in Health Care Mary Ann Baily (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

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Human

Finding the Human in Christian Bioethics  by Amy Laura Hall, Ph.D.  (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Bioethics and the Incarnation by Hans Madueme, M.D. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Still in the Image of God? The Ethical Challenge of Brain Damaged Persons by Derrick L. Hassert, Ph.D. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

What Does It Mean to Be Human? by Teresa Iglesias (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

 

Human, Dignity

Bioethics: The Future of Human Dignity by Daniel S. McConchie, M.A. (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Human Dignity: Still Defying Devaluation by Matthew Eppinette, MBA, MA and Dr. Andrew Fergusson (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Dignity's Mould: How Language Shapes Cultural Views of Bioethics by Joe Carter (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Human Dignity: The Fundamental Concept in Bioethics  by The Staff of The Center For Bioethics And Human Dignity (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

 

Human, Personhood

When Does Personhood Begin? (

 

Human, Sanctity of

The Sanctity of Human Life by Gary P. Stewart (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Old Testament and the Sanctity of Life by David P. Gushee, PhD (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Sanctity of Life: Rethinking Eternal Truths in a New Political Era  by David P. Gushee, PhD (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Sanctity of Life by David P. Gushee, PhD (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

 

Newborn

Neonatal Care Alan R. Fleischman (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Newborn Screening Mary Ann Baily (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

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Organ Transplants

First Heart Transplants in Children Following Donor Cardiac Death ( Lisa Nainggolan Heartwire 2008)

"Non Beating Heart" or "Cardiac Death", Organ Donation: Why Should We Care (Journal of Hospital Medicine 2007)

Controversies in Defining Death

White Paper Small Report Cover

Controversies in the Determination of Death: A White Paper by the President's Council on Bioethics

The President's Council on Bioethics
Washington, D.C., January 2009

 

 

A New Definition of Death

From WIRED

Bioethicists Save Organ Donation by Tweaking the Definition of Death

By Brandon Keim January 13, 2009 | 7:38:12 PM

In response to an emerging moral controversy over whether most vital organs used in transplants are technically taken from living people, the President's Council on Bioethics issued a new report that defines brain death as the cessation of engagement with the world.

The report overturns the current neurological death standard's reliance on an outdated notion of the brain as the body's control center for physiological processes.

The Council's definition of life as a process of engagement, which might sound like so much philosophical mumbo-jumbo, could keep the number of organ transplants from plummeting.

"One is faced with a choice of saying that the notion of brain death doesn't work, and since you're not supposed to take organs from a donor until they're dead, we have to stop doing a lot of transplantation — or you can find a better explanation for why total brain failure constitutes the death of an organism," said Gilbert Meilaender, a Valparaiso University bioethicist and Council member. "We offer a better philosophical explanation."
 

read more

See also from WIRED:

Brain Injury: The Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States Joseph J. Fins (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Family Disagreement over Organ Donation Commentary by Douglas W. Hanto, Thomas G. Peters, Richard J. Howard and Danielle Cornell Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. September 2005, Volume 7, Number 9.

Patient-Initiated Request for Donation Information Commentary by Arthur J. Matas, Timothy F. Murphy, Elizabeth A. Davies and Mitchell L. Henry Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. September 2005, Volume 7, Number 9.

Does How We Ask for Organs Determine Whether People Decide to Donate? Kelly A. Carroll Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. September 2005, Volume 7, Number 9.

Approach to the Patient with Alcoholic Liver Disease Howard J. Worman Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. September 2005, Volume 7, Number 9.

National Organ Allocation Policy: The Final Rule Lara Duda Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. September 2005, Volume 7, Number 9.

The Waiting List for Organs Is Not Necessary John B. Chessare Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. September 2005, Volume 7, Number 9.

Presumed versus Expressed Consent in the US and Internationally Sheldon Zink, Rachel Zeehandelaar and Stacey Wertlieb
Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. September 2005, Volume 7, Number 9.

To Donate or Not: Is That the Question? Justin List Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. September 2005, Volume 7, Number 9.

The Ethics of Face Transplantation Molly Mark Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. September 2005, Volume 7, Number 9.

Should Alcoholics Be Deprioritized for Liver Transplantation? Fritz Allhoff Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. September 2005, Volume 7, Number 9.

Xenotransplantation and the Problem of Boundaries Michael Reiss Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. September 2005, Volume 7, Number 9.

Liver Transplants: How Do We Choose Who Should Live When Not All Can? by Gregory W. Rutecki (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Organ Transplantation Arthur Caplan (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

 

Organs Trading

National Council of Churches Singapore Human Organ Sale

Advertising for Organs Aviva Goldberg Full Text | PDF Virtual Mentor. September 2005, Volume 7, Number 9.

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Reproductive Technologies

National Health and Medical Research Council. Ethical Guidelines on the Use of
Assisted Reproductive Technology in Clinical Practice and Research. Australia, 2004,
revised 2007.
http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/publications/synopses/_files/e78.pdf (accessed 1 November 2007).

International Federation of Fertility Societies. "IFFS Surveillance 07". Fertility and
Sterility. 87 Suppl 1 (2007): S1-67.
http://www.iffs-reproduction.org/documents/Surveillance_07.pdf (accessed 1November 2007).

Discount Babies, Discounting Dignity by Sarah J. Flashing (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Parenthood Denied by Paige C. Cunningham (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Overseas Surrogacy: How Far May We Go?  by John F. Kilner (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Sound Advice? - Communicating Sympathy to Infertile Couples by Ginger and Matthew Eppinette (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Sex and Desire: The Role of Parental Aspiration in Sex Selection by Joe Carter (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

You Can’t Have Your Cake and Eat It Too  by Daniel A. Beals (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

An Open Letter to the Open Minded by Eugene F. Diamond (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Poor Prognosis for Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)? by John F. Kilner (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Designer Babies: One Step Closer by Samuel D. Hensley (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Three Mothers Make Baby by Nancy L. Jones (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Challenges of Infertility: A Biblical Framework for Responding Appropriately by C. Ben Mitchell (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Surrogacy and the State: A Questionable Intervention by Scott B. Rae (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Right to Have a Child: Are There Ethical Limitations? by Dennis P. Hollinger (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Embryo Adoption or Embryo Donation? The Distinction and Its Implications by Paige C. Cunningham (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Picture Perfect: Prenatal Genetics and the Human Genome Project by Hal Wallis (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Advent of the Artificial Womb: A Prospect to Be Welcomed? by Scott B. Rae (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Sex Selection Via "Sperm-Sorting": A Morally Acceptable Option? by Agneta M. Sutton (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Freezing Eggs, Not Embryos by Scott B. Rae (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Designer Genes: When Having a a Child to Save a Child Causes Some Children to Die by Agneta M. Sutton (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Human Embryo: Too Little to Care Much About? by R. Martin Palmer (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

A Creative Option: Embryo Adoption by Linda Bevington (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Drive to Have a Child "Like Me"by Gilbert Meilaender (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

When the Procreator Is Left Out of Creation by Agneta M. Sutton (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Assisted Reproduction Adrienne Asch and Rebecca Marmor (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

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Research

Biobanks: DNA and Research Karen J. Maschke (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Clinical Trials Christine Grady (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Conflict of Interest in Biomedical Research Josephine Johnston (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Multinational Research Voo Teck Chuan, Jacqueline Chin, and Alastair V. Campbell (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Nanotechnology Evan S. Michelson, Ronald Sandler, and David Rejeski (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Donation of Human Eggs for Research (Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore)

The Use of Personal Information in Biomedical Research (Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore)

Ethical, Legal and Social Issues in Genetic Testing and Genetics Research  (Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore)

Advancing the Framework of Ethics Governance for Human Research
(Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore)

Human Tissue Research (Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore)

The Patient's Consent (Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore)

 

Research, Chimera

National Council of Churches Singapore Human-Animal Combinations for Biomedical research

Embryonic, Fetal, and Post-natal Animal-Human Mixtures: An Ethical Discussion by The Scottish Council on Human Bioethics

Could Animal-Human Chimeras Be On The Way? Nancy L. Jones (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Human-Animal Combinations for Biomedical Research (Bioethical Advisory Committee, Singapore)

 

Stem Cells

Bioethics Advisory Committee. Human Tissue Research. Singapore, 2002.
http://www.bioethics-singapore.org/uploadfile/60104PMHTResearch.pdf (accessed 1 November 2007).

Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority. Statement on Donating Eggs for Research. UK, February 2007.
www.hfea.gov.uk/en/1491.html (accessed 1 November 2007).


Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority. Donating eggs for research: safeguarding donors. UK, September 2006.
http://www.hfea.gov.uk/docs/donating_eggs_for_research_safeguarding_donors_consultation_FINAL.pdf(accessed 1 November 2007)


Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority. Directions on Giving and Receiving
Money or Other Benefits in Respect of any Supply of Gametes or Embryos. UK, April 2006.
www.hfea.gov.uk/docs/D2006_1_Directions_on_giving_and_receiving_money.pdf (accessed 1 November 2007).

National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. Guidelines for Human Embryonic
Stem Cell Research. US, 2005, revised 2007.
http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11278 (accessed 1 November 2007).

National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. Assessing the Medical Risks of
Human Oocyte Donation for Stem Cell Research: Workshop Report. US, 2007.
http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11832#toc  (accessed 1 November 2007).


Ng SC. Oocyte Donation – Clinical and Scientific Aspects. A background paper for the Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore. June 2007.
http://www.bioethics-singapore.org


Capps B. Oocyte Procurement for Research. A background paper for the Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore, April 2007.
http://www.bioethics-singapore.org

Indian Council of Medical Research. National Guidelines for Stem Cell Research and Therapy. 2006.
http://www.icmr.nic.in/stem_cell/stem_cell_guidelines.pdf (accessed 1 November 2007).


International Society for Stem Cell Research. Guidelines for the Conduct of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research. December 2006.
www.isscr.org/guidelines/ISSCRhESCguidelines2006.pdf (accessed 1 November 2007).

Bioethics Advisory Committee. Ethical, Legal and Social Issues in Human Stem Cell Research, Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning. Singapore, 2002.

http://www.bioethics-singapore.org/uploadfile/60517PMHSCResearch.pdf(accessed 1 November 2007).

Thursday, February 05, 2009

Timely Information on Stem Cells

Some interesting updates about stem cell research especially as we look to a new era of scientific research under a new US President.

But today the field encompasses far more than just embryonic and adult stem cells; it has expanded into the broader field of regenerative medicine, and Melton's lab at Harvard is at the vanguard, bringing the newest type of stem cells, which do not rely on embryos at all, closer to the clinic, where patients will actually benefit. Last summer, Melton stunned the scientific community with yet another twist, finding a way to generate new populations of cells by reprogramming one type of fully mature cell so it simply became another, bypassing stem cells altogether.

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Related

National Council of Churches Singapore Donation of Human Eggs for Research

Chia, Roland. 'Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Ought We Do What We Can Do?' CS 4.3 (2001): 99-113.

Oon, Choong Jin Gabriel. 'Stem Cells and the Life Sciences: Benefits to Humanity or Harm?' CS 4.3 (2001): 91-98.

“Ethical” Embryonic Stem Cell Research? by Daniel McConchie (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Frozen Embryos: Stem Cell Source or Human Life? by Amy Coxon (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

AMA Approves Creating Life for Destructive Purposes by Samuel D. Hensley (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Stem Cell Debate: Are Parthenogenic Human Embryos a Solution? by Nancy L. Jones (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Interface Between Science and Ethics: Probing the Deeper Questions Nancy L. Jones (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Human Embryo Research After the Genome William P. Cheshire (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Stem Cells & Our Moral Culture Dennis P. Hollinger (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Old MacDonald Had an Embryo Pharm? C. Ben Mitchell (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Good News and Bad News on Creating Embryos for Research C. Ben Mitchell (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Using Stem Cells from Embryos Will Make Human Flesh Profitable Daniel S. McConchie (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Cloning and Stem Cell Research Donal O'Mathuna (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

The Human Embryonic Stem Cell Project Daniel McConchie and Linda Bevington (The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity)

Stem Cells Insoo Hyun (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Human Stem Cell Research (Bioethics Advisory Committee, Singapore)

 

 

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Sexuality

John Tay's Born Gay

National Council of Churches Singapore Homosexuality

 

Synthetic Biology

Synthetic Biology Michele S. Garfinkel, Drew Endy, Gerald L. Epstein, and Robert M. Friedman (Bioethics Briefing Book, The Hasting Center)

Artificial Life. Ted Peters (Journal of Cosmology June 2010)

Paul Root Wolpe Discusses PCSBI Report on Syn Bio

The President's Commission on Bioethical Issues released the Executive Summary of its Report on the Ethics of Synthetic Biology and Emerging Technologies. (To read the full report, click here.) Screen shot 2010-12-16 at 7.49.16 AM.png

The Report suggests five ethical principles that should inform our ethical evaluation and oversight of emerging technologies, and then makes 18 recommendations for public policy around synthetic biology. While The Report specifies synthetic biology, it is clear that the recommendations could, and are meant to, apply to many other emerging biotechnologies as well. The Report first rightly points out that, despite some of the media hype around the creation of an "artificial cell" by the Venter Institute last May, the cell did not "amount to creating life either as a scientific or a moral matter." The creation of a synthetic genome is a fine technological achievement, but it does not immediately require any change on our basic ethical oversight of biotechnology.

The five ethical principles articulated by The Report include (1) public beneficence, (2) responsible stewardship, (3) intellectual freedom and responsibility, (4) democratic deliberation, and (5) justice and fairness. These principles are used as categorical rubrics under which the 18 recommendations are described.

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World Medical Association

Policies Adopted by the WMA General Assembly, Copenhagen, Denmark 2007
Resolution on the Responsibility of Physicians in the Documentation and Denunciation of Acts of Torture or cruel or inhuman or degrading Treatment
Statement on Family Planning and the Right of a Woman to Contraception
Resolution in Support of the Medical Associations in Latin America and the Caribbean
Statement On Noise Pollution
Statement On The Ethics Of Telemedicine
Statement on Human Tissue for Transplantation
Statement on Health Hazards of Tobacco Products

 

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